Big Help For Small Gardens

Small gardens have some of their own special design rules. Less space doesn't mean less work. If anything, it means more focus on detail and resisting the temptation to add too much variety.
Most generally, small area gardens are "boxed in" areas confined to straight lines, straight borders, straight beds, straight walks, and straight walls. When you view a small garden where the whole design consists of mostly straight lines, you can see the whole garden design and landscaping at just a glance. This can make it seem cramped, uninteresting, confined, and..... small.
Small gardens demand special attention to plant selection .Colors, textures, sizes, and shapes of different plants can be used to create an illusion of more space as well as being the main "flavor" of your entire garden.
Try and limit yourself to two or three colors along with green of course. You'll also get more impact if you stay within the same shade. For instance, moving from light pink to Crimson.
Keeping things in proportion is important.  For example, roof tops, balconies, and city gardens are sometime surrounded by tall walls and boundaries. Trying to soften these with pots and planters of annuals doesn't work as well as a specimen tree or shrub as a background.
Using a lot of plants to create a lush look can be tricky. Repetition of a few varieties is the key to using a lot of plants in small gardens.  Usually, it's a big variety and not the amount of plants that seems overwhelming in small space gardens. So if you're going to use three trees, for example, plant three same species instead of three different types. The same applies for other plantings as well.
Pick a few plant varieties and two or three colors and repeat them throughout the garden.
A great way to use plants in small landscaping ideas to create a sense of depth is to put darker colored, rough textured plants to the front of your planting areas and put light colored, fine textured plants in the back. Also, remember to keep the smaller plants in front so they wont be hidden by the taller ones.
The more you know about plants, the more creative and adventurous  you can be.
Using curves adds a sense of motion and flow, making the garden gradually unfold. And a small garden that gradually unfolds naturally seems larger. Adding something as simple as a curved brick or stone walkway or curved flower bed will not only add an element of interest but will add a sense of extended space as well.
Retaining walls, walk ways, and other decorative landscaping projects are relatively easy to create. They are a great way to add the textures of wood and rock into small gardens.
A great way of dividing a small area is by creating different levels. This can be as simple as adding raised beds or creating a sitting area that steps up onto a different platform. This method creates a distinct, visible separation. An upper level can actually be transformed into a whole new world or "theme" from the lower level. You'll be amazed at the "illusion" of space this creates. Another way is by using gazebos, bridges, arbors, and trellises to separate and divide one area from another.
Remember that when you use several groups of plants, rocks, or anything to keep them close to the same theme, color, size, size of group, etc. This helps create unity throughout the garden. Using too many different variations will do just the opposite and will end up looking like clutter.
Adding lots of decor to your garden is a great way of adding interest. But try and keep the different pieces of decor related to each other.
Choosing the right wall colors is a very simple way to add the perception of depth to small gardens. Using white as a background gives the appearance of extending space, while using black on a corner wall will appear as a shadow and give the illusion of an on-going garden. Placing a whole group of plants against a dark corner can add a mysterious jungle effect to small gardens.
This is a really neat "trick" to get a feeling of more space in small spaces. Give it a try and you'll see an amazing difference.
Using glass walls or mirrors that extend the garden into the house or another wall. I realize that this method may not be totally practical for some people but it does create an awesome effect. Just thought I'd mention it.
Small pools and running water are still another method of creating illusions in small gardens. Even if your space only allows for a small pool that runs along the bottom edge of a wall it will add a lot of depth to your garden. Some small gardens only allow enough space for water features that sit flat against a wall, but if you can allow just this much space it will bring much needed light and movement into the area.

Small space gardens can be more difficult to design than larger ones but your possibilities are not limited to a few. As you can see, everything from your walls to the floor of your plot can be changed and manipulated to reach almost any effect you desire.

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